The Temple of Artemis (Diana) at Ephesus - The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
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The Temple of Artemis (Diana) at
Built: About 550 B.C.
Location: In Greek city of Ephesus, on west coast of modern
History: The great Ionian city of Ephesus was chosen as the
site for one of the largest and most complex temples built in ancient
times. The Temple of Artemis (Diana) had a marble sanctuary and a
tile-covered wooden roof.
Conceived by architect Chersiphron and his son, Metagenes, the
temple's inner space featured a double row of at least 106 columns, each
believed to be 40 to 60 feet high. The foundation was approximately 200
feet by 400 feet.
The original temple burned in 356 B.C. and was rebuilt on the same
foundation. Fire devastated the second temple in 262 A.D., but its
foundation and some debris have survived. The British Museum in London
counts some of the second temple's sculptures among its treasures.